Western Front: About 12 Fokker EIs in use.
BEF has now 7 company’s of special gas troops.
Argonne: French repulse German attack.
Baltic Provinces: Niemenarmee strikes towards Riga, takes Windau on July 18 and Shavli on July 23, but repulsed at Shlok on Gulf of Riga on July 26 until it crosses river Aa on July 31.
Poland – Battles of Sokal and Krasnostav (until July 24): Mackensen attacks Russian Third Army.
Britain: 200,000 Welsh miners’ illegal strike for pay until July 20 settled by Lloyd George who deplores ‘Business as usual’ attitude on July 29.
German spy Rosenthal hanged at Wandsworth Prison alter MI5 gain info on methods. (2 German-Dutch spies shot at Tower, July 30.)