Conrad urges Burian to keep separate peace with Russia in view (and on August 6) but no Russian interest.
Poland: Woyrsch besieges Ivangorod (until August 5) and crosses Vistula to north on July 28. 192 Terek Cossacks rout German infantry regiment in moonlight charge.
Gallipoli: NZ Sergeant Pilling diary ‘We…will be satisfied if we do our work and get back home alive’.
Aden: 28th Indian Brigade (arrived on July 18) retakes Sheikh Othmalll wells 7 miles northwest and fortifies it. Major-General Younghusband replaces sacked Political Resident.
USA: 3rd Wilson Lusitania note almost an ultimatum.
Turkey: 4,000 Armenians near Antioch repulse Turk troops.
Britain: 843,000 married recruits now drawing separation allowances.