Germany: Long-range ocean U-cruiser Flotilla formed with U-155; 5 boats by September 22. In or outside prohibited zones ships without lights to be sunk without warning.
Russia: Petrograd Soviet appeals to peoples of the world for peace.
USA: Wilson tells E House war decided ‘What else can I do?’.
Russia: Grand Dukes and Princes renounce hereditary rights.
Britain: Commons blockade debate.