Flanders: Intelligence officers of XV Corps, French Tenth Army, learn from PoWs that extensive German preparations near Zillebeke east of Ypres to employ ‘asphyxiating gases’ (ie chlorine cylinders).
Champagne: Reims Cathedral under bombardment.
Vosges: German counter-attack ion Fecht valley reaches Herrenberg.
Serbia: Austrian river steamer Belgrad tries to break Allied Danube blockade (night 30/31), hits Russian mine and is sunk by Serb 75mm field guns.
Austrian GHO morale ‘below zero. The Chief (Conrad) never stops grumbling’.
Southwest Africa: McKenzie’s South African Central Force (11,000 men) occupies Aus 80 miles inland from Lüderitz.
Britain: King offers total alcohol abstinence in Royal Household for duration of war.