Flanders: ‘Two Years’ position warfare (i.e. completely stalemated, trench warfare) on Yser begun. Death of Captain Grenfell, British war poet (poem ‘Into Battle’ from April), aged 27, at Boulogne from wounds on Railway Hill, Ypres.
Isonzo: Italians occupy Brado.
Baltic Provinces: German Niemen-Armee formed from Lauenstein’s force.
Gallipoli: Churchill urges Kitchener to use gas, cables brother Jack ‘… afraid of troops moving in so slowly that you will have to fight whole Turkish Army in relays’.
Turkey: Enver writes to Talaat on Armenian deportation details already ‘orally decided’.
Britain: Liquor Control Board formed.