Serbia: Bulgar regiment seizes Vranje in Morava valley after daring mountain march, cutting Nis-Salonika railway. Others bombard Valandova.
Trentino: Italians occupy Pregasina (north of lake Garda), offensive resumed on October 19.
Alsace: French gains on Hartmannsweilerkopf.
Gallipoli: General Monro new C-in-C MEF (leaves London on October 22) after Dardanelles committee decides to recall Hamilton (cabled on October 16, leaves October 17). Birdwood acting as C-in-C from October 17-28.
Mediterranean: Admiral Dartige du Fournet (from Dardanelles squadron) replaces Admiral Lapeyrere (cabled for relief due to health on October 10) as French and Allied C-in-C aboard battleship Courbet at Malta.
BRITAIN AND MONTENEGRO DECLARE WAR ON BULGARIA.
Rumania refuses to aid Serbia.
New Zealand: Discharged Soldiers’ Settlement Act (National Registration ordered, October 26).
Britain: Lord Askwith Thorneycroft strike judgment says non-unionists should join unions for duration of war.
Army demands 2500 doctors by January 1916, only 500 supplied due to civil need.
Ireland: Food production campaign begins.