During the period of the manufacturing of the Me 109 E for the German Luftwaffe, Messerschmitt was creating what was to turn into the best of the many variants, the Me 109 F. Operated by either a 1,200hp DB 601N or a I,350hp DB 601E power plant, the Me 109 F shown a significant progress over previously models when it comes to both performance and cleanliness of line, and finally offered the Luftwaffe a fighter that could outmaneuver the Spitfire V.
The complete fuselage had been better aerodynamically, concluding in a more curved rudder, an unbraced tailplane along with a retractable tail-wheel; the wings, of marginally improved span, were curved off at the tips; and performance at all altitudes was superior to that of previous versions.
Manufacturing series ran from F-1 to F-6, with a variety of sub-types. Several F-series planes were utilised as testbeds, the products examined including BMW 801 (radial) and Jumo 213 motors, a V-type tail device, rocket weapons, and a nosewheel landing gear.
A prototype never flown, but none the less of fascination, was the Me 109 Z of 1943, by which a pair of Me 109 Fs were ‘twinned’ by linking them by a fresh, common wing centre-section and tailplane, the single pilot being intended to take up a cockpit in the port fuselage.
By 1942 the Me 109 F had been replaced in manufacturing and service by the most numerous model, the Me 109 G, called ‘Gustav’.
Users: German Luftwaffe (for Bf 109 F).
Animated 3D model Me 109 F
Specifications Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-4
|Me 109 F-4||Specification|
|Power plant||one 1,350 hp Daimler Benz DB601E-1 inverted-vee-12 liquid-cooled engine|
|Wing span||32 ft 6.7 in (9.92 m)|
|Length overall||29 ft 0.3 in (8.84 m)|
|Height overall||8 ft 6.0 in (2.59 m)|
|Wing area||174.38 sq/ft (16,20 m²)|
|Weight empty equipped||5,269 lb (2,390 kg)|
|Weight loaded||6,393 lb (2,900 kg)|
|Maximum wing loading||36.66 lb/sq ft (179.01 kg/m²)|
|Maximum power loading||4.73 lb/hp (2.14 kg/hp)|
|Maximum speed||388 mph at 21,325 ft (625 km/hr at 6,500 m)|
|Cruising speed||355 mph at 16,405 ft (585 km/hr at 5,000 m)|
|Time to height||16,405 ft (5,000 m) in 5.2 min|
|Service ceiling||39,375 ft (12,000 m)|
|Range||528 miles (850 km) with 300-liters drop tank|
|Me 109 F-4||Specification|
|above engine||2 x 15.1mm MG151 machine guns (700 rpm, velocity 3,131 ft/sec)|
|through propeller hub||1 x 20mm MG FF (540 rpm)|
|optional in fairings under wings||2 x 20mm MG151/20 machine guns (720 rpm, velocity 1,920 ft/sec)|
|Me 109 F||data|
|First flight prototype||July 1940|
|Service delivery||Spring 1941|
|First combat reports||May 1941|
|Price per unit||RM 100,000 = c. $45,000 = c. £ 11,250|
|Total production figure (all)||35,000+ (of these 30,480 during WW2)|
|Accepted by Luftwaffe 1/39-12/44 (all)||29,350|
|Production 1941 (all variants)||2,764|
|Production 1942 (all variants)||2,665|
|Me 109's in First Line Units 20.9.42||1,074|
|Me 109's in First Line Units 31.12.42||700 (still 90 Me 109 F)|