Russian arms production

soviet flagRussian (Soviet) armaments production in the Second World War.

Following are tables of the annual Russian (Soviet) armaments production (excluding ammunition) and a comparison of the necessary strategic raw materials.

Production of ZIS3 field guns

Production of ZIS3 field guns in a Soviet artillery factory.

Russian (Soviet) armaments production by weapon types

Annual Soviet production figures of the main arms and military equipment (without ammunition) during the Second World War from 1939-1945:

Tanks and AFV's
Tank type 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 (6 months) TOTAL
obsolete tanks 2,950 (incl. T-26, BT, T-28) 125 - - - - - 125 (+2,950)
T-26 (all variants) ? 1,549 - - - - - 1,549
BT-8 ? 706 - - - - - 706
T-28 ? 12 - - - - - 12
T-40 - - 41 181 - - - 222
T-50 - - 48 15 - - - 63
T-60 - - 1,818 4,474 - - - 6,292
T-70 - - - 4,883 3,343 - - 8,226
T-80 - - - - 120 - - 120
T-34 - 117 3,014 12,553 15,712 3,723 - 35,119
T-34-85 - - - - 100 11,000 18,330 29,430
T-44 - - - - - - 200 200
KV-1 - 141 1,121 1,753 - - - 3,015
KV-2 - 102 232 - - - - 334
KV-1S - - - 780 452 - - 1,232
KV-85 - - - - 130 - - 130
IS-2 - - - - 102 2,252 1,500 3,854
SU-76 - - - 26 1,928 7,155 3,562 12,671
SU-122 - - - 25 630 493 - 1,148
SU-85 - - - - 750 1,300 - 2,050
SU-100 - - - - - 500 1,175 1,675
SU-152 - - - - 704 - - 704
ISU-122, ISU-152 - - - - 35 2,510 1,530 4,075
TOTAL 2,950 2,752 6,274 24,690 24,006 28,933 26,297 115,902
Other Armaments
Type of Weapon 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 (6 months) TOTAL
Artillery (including Anti-tank and anti-aircraft guns) 17,348 15,300 42,300 127,000 130,000 122,400 62,000 516,648
Mortars 403,300 (1939-45) ? ? ? ? ? ? 403,300
Machine guns 1,477,400 (1939-45) ? ? ? ? ? ? 1,477,400
Rifles ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Sub-machine guns - - c.5,000,000 (1941-45) ? ? ? ? c.5,000,000
Military trucks and Lorries ? ? ? 30,400 45,600 52,600 68,500 197,100+
Fighter planes c.4,500 4,574 7,086 9,924 14,590 17,913 c.9,000 67,587
Ground attack planes 1,543 8,219 11,177 11,110 c.5,500 37,549
Bomber planes c.3,500 3,571 3,748 3,537 4,074 4,186 c.2,000 24,616
Reconnaissance planes - - - - - - -
Transport and liaison aircraft ? 1,691 3,091 3,298 3,744 5,508 ? 17,322+
Trainers and miscellaneous military types ? 549 267 457 1,260 1,528 ? 4,061+
Cruisers 2 (1939-45) ? ? ? ? ? ? 2
Destroyers 25 (1939-45) ? ? ? ? ? ? 25
Submarines 52 (1939-45) ? ? ? ? ? ? 52
Merchant shipping tonnage ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Raw material production for the military weapon production above:

Annual strategic raw material production (m. metric tons)
Year 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945
Coal ? ? 151.4 75.5 93.1 121.5 149.3
Ore ? ? 24.7 9.7 9.3 11.7 15.9
Steel ? ? 17.9 8.1 8.5 10.9 12.3
Aluminium (in 1.000 metric tons – especially important for aircraft production) ? ? ? 51.7 62.3 82.7 86.3
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