T-26

Russian Light Infantry Tank

T-26S Model 1939

This T-26S Model 1939 was part of the Russian force that occupied Persia in 1941 and is inspected by allied British soldiers.

soviet flagT-26
Type: Light tank.

History:

Like many other Russian tanks in the early thirties of the last century, also the T-26 was developed from a British model, which had been bought by Vickers-Armstrong. In this case, it was the 6-t-tank with two turrets, which formed the initial model.

The Russians developed from it a light infantry support tank to replace the obsolete MS. It was produced during the entire period of 1931-1940 in large series. Overall, more than 12,000 units were produced in a variety of models.

In 1930 a team of engineers of the test department (OKMO) of the Bolshevik works in Leningrad, which was headed by N W Barikow and S A Ginzbury, built 20 pre-production vehicles with the label TMM-1 and TMM-2. In a comparison test against Russian models (T-19 and T-20) they had been approved by the Revolutionary Defence Council of the Red Army on February 13, 1931. After minor changes by the engineer Sigelja it was ready for production as the T-26. Apart from a few small changes in shape at the front of the hull and on the two independent machine-gun turrets, the production vehicle corresponded completely to the British original.

In the following year, the mass production in different plants was started , including the Kirov factory in Leningrad. In the first series the turrets lay side by side and could be equipped with a variety of weapons.
The command tank T-26TU was equipped with radios. The antenna was a railing around the turret. It was intended to make a model with only one turret fo the army, which was equipped with a new long-barrel 37 mm gun. However, from this model only a small series was built, because it was decided to use a single turret model with a larger turret. The mass production of this model was started in 1933. The first vehicles were armed with the new 37-mm gun, but later got the tank a newly constructed 45-mm gun.

In 1938 the Far East army reported, that the riveted T-26’s were no match for the Japanese fire power. Therefore, a new welded version, the T-26S, was designed. Some older versions of the T-26 received this turret also. Before the Russian campaign in 1941 the T-26 has already been used against the Japanese in Manchuria, in Spain and in the Russo-Finnish War.

During his service in the Russian army the T-26 has been changed on several occasions and also formed the basis of many specialist vehicles. Among them, for example, self-propelled guns, flame thrower tank, armored vehicle launched bridges, nebulization tanks, artillery tractors, remote-controlled explosive tanks and many others.

User: Russia, Spain, China, Turkey (captured specimens were used also by the Finnish, German, Romanian and Hungarian armies).


Animated 3D model T-26S


Specifications for T-26S

Specifications
T-26S Specification
Type Light tank
Engine air-cooled 4-cylinder gasoline engine with 90 hp at 2,200 rev/min
Gearbox ?
Crew 3
Turret crew 2
Length 4.88 meters
Width 3.41 meters
Height 2.41 meters
Weight 9.4 tons
Ground pressure c. 0.72 kg/cm²
Power to weight ratio c. 9.6 PS/t
Maximum speed 30 km/hr
Cross-country speed ?
Fuel consumption per 100 Kilometers 130 liters on road; 195 liters cross-country
Fuel 292 liters
Road range 225 km
Cross-country radius 150 km
Vertical obstacle 0.79 meters
Trench crossing 1.90 meters
Fording depth ?
Turning circle ?
Climbing power 40°
Armour
T-26S mm angle
Details unknown 12-37 mm ?
Armament and Equipment
T-26S Specification
Main armament 45 mm Model 38
Rounds 165
Traverse 360°
Elevation ?
Muzzle velocity BR-240 (HE) 760 m/s
Muzzle velocity BR-240P (DS) 1,070 m/s
Muzzle velocity O-240 (HE) 750 m/s
Shell weight BR-240 1.4 kg
Shell weight BR-240P 0.85 kg
Shell weight O-240 2.1 kg
Maximum firing range ?
Secondary armament 1 x DT MG
Radio only for command tanks
Telescopic sight ?
Penetration mm at 0° armour plates of the gun
Range BR-240 BR-240P
100 m ? ?
500 m 42 mm 80 mm
1.000 m 38 mm 50 mm
1.500 m -
2.000 m -
Production
T-26 data
Production 1932-1940 (special versions until 1941, T-26S since 1937-38)
Service delivery 1933
Price per unit ?
Total production figure c. 12,000
Service statistics of all Panzer III variants
Year Available Production Losses
before 1940 ? c.10,500 ?
1940 ? 1,549 ?
1941 c.11,000 (June) (only some special versions) ?
1942 ? ?
1943 ? ?
1944 ? ?
1945 (out of service end 1945) ?
Total c.12,000 ?

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