FIRST BATTLE OF YPRES begins until November 22. British and French join British 7th Division as German pressure is maintained. Battle rages from the Channel to Ypres and Armentieres (4 divisons attack to south). Indian Expeditionary Corps (IEF ‘A’, Willcocks) reaches the front.
Poland: Germans cross Vistula at Josefor. First Russian armoured car unit formed, assigned to Southwest Front.
Montenegro: 6 French naval guns, landed to support Montenegrins, begin shelling Austrian Cattaro, naval base defences (garrison 10,000 men) from Mt Lov’cen; Ft Verma’c damaged.
Cameroons: Nigerians at Kake (29 casualties) repel 350 Germans (50 casualties).
South Africa: 150 troops rebel at Lichtenberg, Beyers leaves Pretoria.
Portuguese Angola: 3 Germans killed at Naulila in misunderstanding.
Germany: Major W Siegert, well-known prewar bailoonist, appointed to advise OHL on military aviation. He quickly organizes an elite HQ flying corps (Fliegerkorps der Obersten Heeresleitung) of 36 aircraft at Ghistelles 11 miles southwest of Bruges.
Haiti: US Marines land in Haiti.
Britain: New naval decoration DSM founded. Churchill urges Kitchener to study invasion threat in detail, in Cabinet defends Royal Navy measures against an invasion. London pub closing now 10pm.