TURKEY ENTERS WAR.
Egypt: 2,000 Bedouin reported to be raiding Sinai frontier.
Black Sea: Goeben, Breslau and Turkish ships (cruiser Hamidie, 1 minelayer and 2 torpedo boats) make surprise pre-emptive raid on Russian Black Sea Fleet in its bases. Odessa (Russian gunboat Donec sunk), Sevastopol (59 Goeben shells fired in 25 minutes), Novorossisk (Breslau sinks c. 6 steamers and hits 40 oil tanks) and Feodosia are shelled and mines laid, except at Novorossisk. Goeben damaged (14 sailors killed by 2 Russian 12-inch shells) but sinks Russian minelayer Prut. Admiral Souchon writes to his wife: ‘I have thrown the Turks into the powder keg’.
4 new Russian destroyers commissioned at Nikolayev.
British II Corps reoccupies Neuve Chapelle for a few hours. Bavarian 6th Reserve Division repulsed east of Gheluvelt astride Menin Road. Germans 4th Reserve Division makes last big attack south of Armentieres.
Tsingtao: Japanese siege guns open fire. German gunboat Tiger scuttled.
Southeast Cameroons: 900 French troops from Wesso in south capture Dzimu on river Sanga at 3rd attempt.
South Africa: De Wet denounces ‘the miserable, pestilential English’ while his 120 men loot Vrede.
Britain: Order-in-Council extends contraband (3rd list) and revives the doctrine of the continuous voyage.
Home Office recognizes women police patrols.