Albatros B

Germany war flagGerman two-seat reconnaissance planes Albatros B types.
History, development, service, specifications, pictures and model.

Albatros B taking off

An unramed Albatros-B-type taking off from an airfield on the Western Front; easy prey for any armed plane.

Albatros B.I, B.II, B.III
Type: Two-seat reconnaissance plane.

History:

This none armed two-seat Albatros bi­planes which were used in Germany in one functionality as well as other all through World War One were most likely the finest reconnaissance planes in German military service at the beginning of World War One. Their development had been under­taken by Ernst Heinkel at the beginning of 1914, and the initial model had got into manufacturing in a tiny manner prior to the world war one. These planes were used for warfare, given the army naming B.I and allotted to Feldflieger-Abteilungen (Field Reconnaissance) groups in August 1914. Manufacturing wasn’t particularly standardised, and then the B.I arrived on the scene in one, two as well as three-bay forma using either a 100 hp Mercedes D.I or 120 hp D.II powerplant, the radiator for which was fitted over the cylinder block. As was the style once, the aviator seated in the rear cockpit while the observer used the front cockpit beneath the cabane trestle. Virtually no mounted defensive armament was used, however during the beginning of the conflict the observer commonly equipped himself using a firearm 2 groups of Albatros B.Is (Series 23 and 24) were manufactured in Austro-Hungary by Phönix company.

Another Albatros two-seater had as well flown in 1914, and in the summer it established an altitude record of 14,764 ft. A two-bay biplane having a smaller span compared to B.I, the B.II, as this type became identified, was operated initially by a 100 hp Mercedes D.I.
The Alba­tros B.II was essentially the most popular reconnaissance and observa­tion models throughout the initial year of World War One, and was the aircraft of an wide-ranging manufacturing programme. To enhance the lower observe for both pilot and observer, little cut-outs were created inside the lower-wing roots.

A limited batch of B.Is and B.IIs (Series 21) was delivered to Austro­-Hungary, and it’s also believed that a few or even every one of these appeared to be equipped having a basic installation for a machine-gun right in front cock­pit. Afterwards manufacturing B.IIs had been belonging to the B.IIa type, having a strength­ened as well as aerodynamically superior airframe, dual controls along with a 120 h.p. engine – either the Mercedes D.II or the Argus As.II.

The ultimate Albatros B type was the B.III, which was manufactured in minor quantities in 1915 for reconnaissance missions along with both the German Army as well as Navy. This particular kept practically the identical fuselage as the B.II, however had shorter-span wings along with a new, high-aspect-ratio vertical tail as well as rounded tailplane just like those afterwards used for the C.III.

With the release of the C models of armed two-seater during summer 1915, the B models grew to become outdated as reconnaissance planes. Nevertheless, the Albatros planes outstanding flying characteristics caused them to be perfectly suitable for pilot training, and they were generally working at this functionality during the re­mainder of World War One.

Manufacturing of the Albatros B bunch had been carried out by the B.F.W., L.F.G., Linke-Hof­mann, Merkur, Kondor and Refla companies in Germany, as well as those manufactured from the Ostdeutsche Albatros Werke. A few Albatros B types ended up being in army service in Sweden in 1918-19.

Users: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Sweden.

Model Albatros B.II

Model of Albatros B.II.


Specifications Albatros B.II

Specifications
Albatros B.II Specification
Type two-seat reconnaissance plane
Accommodation 2
Powerplant1 x 100-hp Mercedes D.I water-cooled in-line engine
Span42 ft 0 in (12.80 m)
Length25 ft 0.375 in (7.63 m)
Height10 ft 4 in (3.15 m)
Wing area431.8 sq.ft (40.12 m²)
Weight empty ?
Take-off weight2,361 lb (1,071 kg)
Maximum speed65.2 mph (105 km/hr) at sea level
Climbing?
Endurance4 hrs 0 min
Armamentnone
First flightEarly 1914 (B.I)
Service deliverybefore August 1914
Production?
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