FG-42

German Parachute Troops Automatic Assault rifle FG-42 (Fallschirmjagergewehr 42; FjG42).

FG-42

German full-automatic rifle model 42 (FG-42)

FG-42 (Fallschirmjagergewehr 42, FjG42)
Type: Automatic assault rifle.

History:

When the MP43 development began, the German Parachute Troops took an interest in it, since they felt that a selective-fire weapon would fill a void in their armoury, since airborne operations always demand the maximum firepower in the smallest package.
On further examination, however, they rejected the design on the grounds that the short cartridge, around which the new weapon was being developed, was insufficient for their particular needs, and they demanded a similar weapon taking the full-sized service round.
This demand arose from experience during the airborne invasion of Crete, where they had been the targets for long-range Lee-Enfield rifle fire by British troops, and also from the fact that they considered that the standard 7.92mm round would be more easily available on any fighting front.
The Wehrnmacht were not interested in such a weapon, so, since the Parachute troops were part of the Luftwaffe, they re-submitted their demand through Air Force channels and had it approved.

The weapon was designed by Rheinmetall-Borsig, who received the specification late in 1940 and had a prototype ready for testing in mid-1942. The specification had, in fact, been put out to eight companies, but only the Rheinmetall design was considered worth pursuing. Although it was eventually put into production there were numerous design changes and modifications, and the design was still not finalized when the war ended.

The FG42 was a sound design, based on well-tried principles. It was gas operated, and the bolt mechanism was so designed that when firing single shot the bolt closed on the cartridge, after which pressing the trigger fired the weapon, which then automatically re-loaded. On automatic fire, however, the bolt remained open when the trigger was released so as to allow the chamber and barrel to cool down between bursts. Much of the weapon was fabricated from cheap steel pressings, while the furniture was of laminated wood or plastic.

While it was an ingenious and effective weapon, it was difficult to shoot accurately due to the heavy recoil of the full-sized cartridge, and due to its lightness and flimsy bipod it was hard to control in the automatic mode.

here to Part II: Fallschirmjaegergewehr 42 – manufacturing, service, pictures and video


Specifications FG-42

Specifications
FG42 Specification
Type Automatic assault rifle
Caliber 7.92 mm
Length 37.0 in
Weight 9 lb 15 oz
Barrel 19.75 in long, 4 grooves, right hand twist
Feed system 20-round detachable box magazine
System of operation Gas; turning bolt
Muzzle velocity 2,500 feet/sec
Cyclic rate of fire 750-800 rpm
Service statistics
FG42 data
Manufactures Heinrich Krieghoff Waffenfabrik, Suhl
Production delivery 1942-43
First combat use September 1943
Final delivery 1945
Production figure c.7,000
Price per unit ? (cheap steel pressings, laminated wood or plastic)

here to Part II: Fallschirmjaegergewehr 42 – manufacturing, service, pictures and video

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