Armies


German military parade

Adolf Hitler at a miltary parade for the reintroduction of the military service.

Strength, Organization, Orders of Battle, Weapons, Equipment of WW2 Armies.

A description of the strength, organization, orders of battle, weapons and equipment of the armies and armed forces of the involved nations for different periods of WW2.

On 1 September 1939 the armed forces of Nazi Germany began WW2 by invading Poland. With the notable exception of the German Wehrmacht, the organization and many weapons of the armed forces which fought the early campaigns was dominated by the memories of World War I and this was also the case in the design of uniforms. Not before the end of WW2, organization, uniform, equipment and weapons had often acquired a very modern look, as we knew it until today.


Hungarian Armed Forces 1942

Troops of the 2nd Hungarian Army

Strength and Organization of the Army and Air Force of Hungary in 1942. Hungarian Army, Orders of Battle, divisions and equipment, planes of the Air Force. Hungarian Army In spring 1942 Germany’s need for more manpower on the Eastern Front… learn more

German Orders of Battle Balkans Campaign

German advance on the muddy roads of Yugoslavia.

German Orders of Battle on 5 April 1941 at the attack on Yugoslavia and Greece. German Army, Airborne Forces and Luftwaffe, Divisions, Corps, Armies and Army Groups. In order to secure his southern flank for the invasion of Russia Hitler… learn more

Italian Armed Forces 1942

Italian infantry in the Western Desert i

Strength and Organization of the Italian Army and Air Force (Regia Aeronautica) in 1942. Italian Orders of Battle in Africa and at the Eastern Front, divisions and equipment and planes. Italian Army All Italian citizens from the ages of 18… learn more

5th SS Panzer division Wiking

crew of a Russian tank surrenders

Creation and Campaigns of the 5th SS Panzer division Wiking. Designations, commanders, creation, Russia 1941, Caucasus 1942-43, Eastern Front 1944 and Hungary 1945. Designations Nordische (Nordic) Division Nr. 5 (1940) SS-Division Germania (mot) (December 1, 1940) SS-Division Wiking (December 20,… learn more

Luftwaffe Orders of Battle September 1942

Ju88C long-range fighters

Strength and aircraft of the Luftflotten at the beginning of the Battle for Stalingrad. Orders of Battle for the German Air fleets, Geschwader, Groups, aircraft types and number of planes. The Luftwaffe Orders of Battle gives the strength of its… learn more

Partisans

Partisans

Partisans and Chetniks – strength, casualties and organization of irregular forces in Russia and Yugoslavia during the Second World War. Partisans in Russia The rapid disintegration of the Red Army along the western frontiers of the Soviet Union as a… learn more

German Orders of battle March 1945

88mm Pak 43 behind Rhine

German Orders of Battle from March 1, 1945 before the Allies crossed the Rhine. Army Groups, Armies, Corps and Divisions. The deployment and distribution of the divisions of the Wehrmacht and subordinate units of allies on March 1, 1945. There… learn more

2nd SS-Panzer-Division Das Reich

Grenadiers of 2 SS diviision 'Das Reich'

Operations of the 2nd SS-Panzer-Division Das Reich 1943-45 (Part II). Here to Part I: Creation and Campaigns of the SS-Verfuegungsdivision (later Reich) from 1939 to 1942. Russia 1943 After its reorganization into the SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Das Reich, which actually corresponded to… learn more

SS Division Reich

Motorcyclists of the SS-Division Reich

Creation and Campaigns of the SS-Verfuegungsdivision (later Reich) from 1939 to 1942 (Part I). Designations, Commanders, Western and Balkans campaigns and in Russia. Designations Panzerverband Ostpreussen (September 10, 1939) SS-Verfügungs-Division (mot.) (October 10, 1939) SS-Division Deutschland (April 1, 1940) SS-Division… learn more

Waffen-SS Crimes

Troopers of 8 SS Cavalry division

Myths about the Waffen-SS (Part II). Crimes of the Waffen-SS: Einsatzgruppen (special task forces), concentration camp guards and war crimes. Myths of the Waffen-SS Here to Part I: Waffen-SS Myths. Special task forces and concentration camp guards Contrary to the… learn more

Military Ranks

Von Rundstedt

Military ranks, designations and description in the Second World War in international comparison. Promotions in the German Army Promotions in the German Army before the First World War took place after the years of service and were extremely slow compared… learn more

Performance on the Russian Front

successful knock-out

The German military performance on the Russian Front during the Second World War. Part IV of the analysis of fighting power on the Eastern Front, during the Battle of Kursk and in 1944. back to Military Performance on the Western… learn more

German Orders of Battle October 1943

German scorched earth tactics

The German Orders of Battle from October 4, 1943 after the surrender and occupation of Italy. The German Orders of Battle and distribution of the divisions of the Wehrmacht and subordinated units of allies after the capitulation of Italy, 8… learn more

Romanian Armed Forces 1942

Romanian infantry in the battle of Sevastopol

Strength and Organization of the Army, Air Force and Navy of Romania in 1942. Romanian Orders of Battle at the Eastern Front from November 1942, divisions and equipment, aircraft types and warships. Romanian Army By the autumn of 1941 the… learn more

Waffen-SS Myths

MG42 machine gunner

Myths about the Waffen-SS (Part I). Disproportionately high losses, poorer leadership and better and more equipment and weapons in the Waffen-SS. Myths of the Waffen-SS Disproportionately high losses in the Waffen-SS It is often widely spread and even the famous… learn more

Waffen-SS divisions 33-38

Some of Dirlewanger's men.

Order of Battle Waffen-SS divisions 33 (3rd Hungarian) – 38 (Nibelungen). Several of this last nominal ‘divisions’ of the Waffen-SS fielded no more than a few hundred ill-equipped men scrambled together from Volksdeutsche (ethnic Germans) and bewildered foreigners, perhaps stiffened… learn more

Waffen-SS divisions 26-32

SS brigade Langemarck

Order of Battle Waffen-SS divisions 26 (2nd Hungarian) – 32 (30 Januar) Many of the following listed divisions were purely fictitious, in the sense that orders for their formation and deployment seldom reflected their actual available strength or combat readiness.… learn more

Luftwaffe Orders of Battle January 1945

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-14

Orders of Battle of the Luftwaffe from 10 January 1945: strength and aircraft of the Luftflotten for the last phase of Second World War. The following is a summary of the strength of the operational units at the beginning of… learn more

Greek Armed Forces 1940-41

Soldiers of the Greek Army 1940-41

Strength and organization of the Armed Forces of Greece 1940-41. Divisions and equipment, aircraft of the Air Force and ships of the Navy. From 1938 until the German invasion, Greece was a constitutional monarchy under King George II, but the… learn more

British Army Southeast Asia

A section of British soldiers of Slim's 14th Army in Burma

The British Army in Southeast Asia 1941 to 1945. Organization, divisions, Orders of Battle 1941/1942 and 1945, uniforms. British Army in Southeast Asia The British troops fighting in Burma saw themselves as the ‘Forgotten Army’ in the Allied war effort.… learn more