German military parade

Adolf Hitler at a miltary parade for the reintroduction of the military service.

Strength, Organization, Orders of Battle, Weapons, Equipment of WW2 Armies.

A description of the strength, organization, orders of battle, weapons and equipment of the armies and armed forces of the involved nations for different periods of WW2.

On 1 September 1939 the armed forces of Nazi Germany began WW2 by invading Poland. With the notable exception of the German Wehrmacht, the organization and many weapons of the armed forces which fought the early campaigns was dominated by the memories of World War I and this was also the case in the design of uniforms. Not before the end of WW2, organization, uniform, equipment and weapons had often acquired a very modern look, as we knew it until today.

British Army Southeast Asia

A section of British soldiers of Slim's 14th Army in Burma

The British Army in Southeast Asia 1941 to 1945. Organization, divisions, Orders of Battle 1941/1942 and 1945, uniforms. British Army in Southeast Asia The British troops fighting in Burma saw themselves as the ‘Forgotten Army’ in the Allied war effort.… learn more

Waffen-SS divisions 20-25

Mufti of Jerusalem Mohammed Hadschi Amin Al Husseini

Order of Battle Waffen-SS divisions 20 (1st Estonian) – 25 (Hunyadi) In these numbers range of the Waffen-SS divisions there are also some lesser known and bizarre formations, in addition to some with high combat effectiveness. 20 Waffen-Grenadier-Division der SS… learn more

Waffen-SS divisions 13-19

Soldiers of 13 SS division

Order of Battle Waffen-SS divisions 13 (Handschar) – 19 (2nd Latvian) Bizarre as some of these formations on this page were, however, it must be remembered that the elite SS Panzer and Panzergrenadier Divisions represented Germany’s most effective troops in… learn more

Pilot Training mid- and late-war

Arado 96 advanced trainers

Decline of the pilot training of the German air force Luftwaffe in mid- and late-war from 1942 to 1945 (Part II). Decline of the Luftwaffe Pilot Training The Battle of Britain had been the first major setback for the Luftwaffe,… learn more

9th SS Hohenstaufen from Arnhem to the end

crew of a PzKpfw IV Ausf J

Campaigns of the 9th SS-Panzer Division Hohenstaufen (Part II). From Arnhem, in the Ardennes and to Hungary to the end of the war. To Part I: 9th SS-Panzer-Division Hohenstaufen. Arnhem Actually Arnhem was only intended as a meeting point for… learn more

Pilot Training of the Luftwaffe

Focke-Wulf Fw44C primary tandem training biplanes

Pilot Training of the German Air Force in the Secomd World War (Part I). Pilot Training of the Luftwaffe before 1942. Pilot Training of the Luftwaffe before 1942 The period of training given to new pilots of the German Air… learn more

Red Army Uniforms

T-34 crew

Uniforms of the Red Army in World War II. Different types of uniforms and for airborne troops, NKVD, and Political Commissars. Insignia and badges of ranks for the period from 1940-1943 and 1943-1945. Uniforms One of the basic principles of… learn more

Finnish Armed Forces 1941-1944

Finnish Army on march

Strength and Organization of the Army, Air Force and Navy of Finland in the Continuation War against the Soviet Union. Finnish Army Although the signing of the Moscow Treaty in March 1940, which ended the Winter War, guaranteed Finland her… learn more

Red Army 1943-45

Red Army 1943-45

Strength and organization of the Soviet armed forces in the second half of the war from 1943 to 1945. Divisions, Corps and equipment. to Red Army 1942. On 19 November 1942 Marshal Zhukov opened the Operation Uranus, the Soviet counter-offensive… learn more

US Navy in late 1941

Picture taken from a Japanese pilot during the attack on Pearl Harbor

Strength, Ships and Organization as the United States enters the Second World War in December 1941. US Navy in the Atlantic and the Pacific. In late 1941, the US Navy consisted of: 17 battleships (+15 under construction): 1 Arkansas (1912),… learn more

US Army Air Force at the beginning of WW2

First B-24 in Great Britain

Strength and Organization of the USAAF in North America, Great Britain and Mediterranean theater in 1942. US Army Air Force In the 1930s there were dramatic strides in civil and commercial aviation, and by the eve of the war the… learn more

US Army at the beginning of WW2

GI's are landing

Strength and Organization of the US Army in North America, Great Britain and Mediterranean theater in 1941-42. US Army Although it is true that the United States mobilized its vast resources in a remarkably short time, American soldiers had ample… learn more

Free French Army

Free French 'L' Force

Strength and organization of Free French Army 1941-1944. Divisions, units and Air Force in the Middle East and North Africa and the French Expeditionary Corps in Italy. Free French Army After the fall of France, various units of French troops… learn more

Vichy France l’ Armee de l’ Armistice

Curtiss Hawks of the Vichy French Air Force

Strength and Organization of the l’ Armee de l’ Armistice of Vichy France after the armistice of 1940. Divisions of Vichy French Army and Colonial forces, Air Force and Navy. Armed Forces of Vichy France The Franco-German Armistice of 22… learn more

German Orders of Battle at the armistice with France

destroyed French villages

German Orders of Battle from 25 June 1940 early, the day of the armistice with France. Schematic layout of the Wehrmacht, divisions and equipment. By 10 June the Germans had crossed the Seine, and Mussolini took advantage of the situation… learn more

German Orders of Battle Nov 1944

heavy tank battalion with Tiger II

German Orders of Battle on 26 November 1944 after the German withdrawal from the Southeast Balkans following the coup d’état in Romania. The deployment and distribution of the divisions of the Wehrmacht and subordinate units of allies after the German… learn more

Italian Air Force and Navy

Fiat CR42 Falco

Strength and Organization of the Regia Aeronautica and Regia Navale when Italy enters Second World War in June 1940. Italian Air Force (Regia Aeronautica) On 24 January 1923 the Italian Royal Air Force (Regia Aeronautica) was formed as an independent… learn more

Italian Army 1940

Pith-helmeted infantrymen of Graziani's Italian desert army

Strength, organization, divisions and equipment of the Army, Colonial Troops and Fascist Milita as Italy entered the Second World War in June 1940. Italian Army The Italian Army had suffered heavy losses for only limited gains during World War One… learn more

German Orders of Battle – Battle of France

View on the Avenue Foch when the Germans enter Paris.

German Orders of Battle for the Battle of France of June 8, 1940. The offensive started after Dunkirk Evacuation on June 5 with the attack of Army Group B. From 9 April (when German troops invaded Denmark and Norway) to… learn more

French Armed Forces 1940

French heavy tak Char B1

Strength and organization of the Army Forces and Air Force of France at the beginning of the Western Campaign in May 1940. Deployment, divisions, equipment and aircraft. French Army On 10 May 1940 the German offensive began by outflanking the… learn more