Messerschmitt Bf 109

Germany-flagMost-built German single-seat fighter plane of WW2.
History, development, service, specifications, pictures and 3D model.

Messerschmitt K-4

Pictures of the last Messerschmitt variant are rare. Here a snowed-up K-4 fighter of the Luftflotte Reich in the winter of 1944-45.

Messerschmitt Bf 109
Bf 109 B,C,D,E,F,G,H and K-Series, S-99 and 199, Ha-1109-1112
Origin: Bayerische Flugzeugwerke, 1938 {renamed|relabeled} Messerschmitt AG; {very|really} {widely|extensively} subcontracted {throughout|all over} German-controlled territory and {built|produced} under licence by Dornier-Werke, Switzerland, and Hispano-Aviacion, Spain (post-war, Avia, Czechoslovakia).
Type: Single-seat fighter plane (many, fighter-bombers).

History:

All through WW2 most of the people within the Allied countries initially looked on the Messerschmitt Bf 109 being an unfavorable plane as opposed to the Spitfire and various Allied fighters. Purely within the past of time was it plausible to recognize that the Messerschmitt Bf 109 had been one of the leading combat planes in aviation history.

Earliest flown in 1935, it had been an important fighter during the Spanish Civil War as well as a completely established combat plane by the time of Munich (September 1938). First models were the Me 109B, C and D, each one of reduced strength compared to the official Me 109E. The Messerschmitt Bf 109 Emil was in action in large numbers at the beginning of WW2, in the event the invasion of Poland started. From this time until 1941 it had been essentially the most significant fighter in the German Air Force, and it seemed to be delivered in extent to several other nations.

Throughout the initial year of WW2 the numerous Me 109Es created mincemeat of those unfortunate and wide-ranging varieties of fighter against which it had been opposed, with the solitary exception of the Spitfire, but which it significantly outnumbered. The beneficial factors had been compact dimensions, quick and economical manufacturing, excessive speed, rapid dive climb and climb, as well as excellent energy for dog-fighting. Almost all Me 109Es had been furthermore equipped with 2 or 3 x 20mm guns, having more striking power and range compared to the 8 small-calibre machine-guns of the Supermarine Spitfire or Hawker Hurricane.

Disadvantages had been the slim landing gear, critical swing on landing or take-off, quite terrible horizontal handle at very high speeds, as well as the truth that in dog-fight the slats on the wings frequently opened in turns; even though this eliminated a stall, it snatched at the ailerons and put the pilot off his target. Following 1942 the principal model was the Messerschmitt Bf 109G – called Gustav – which composed more than Seventy % of the overall fighter planes of the German Air Force.

Despite the fact that great equipped and armed, the large swarms of Me 109Gs were not so great planes as the lightweight E and Me 109F, asking for steady aviator awareness, endless increased power controls, as well as landing qualities called harmful. Just a few of the extended-span high-altitude H-models had been assembled, nevertheless from October 1944 the main manufacturing model was the Me 109K using clear-view ‘Galland hood’, modified wooden tail as well as modest structural modifications.

Following Ww2 the Czech Avia company discovered their Bf 109 plant undamaged and started producing the S-99; not having enough DB 605 engines they mounted the slow-revving Jumo, developing the S-199 having more worse torque as well as swing compared to the German models (aviators named it ‘Mezek’ which means mule), however in 1948 were able to promote a few to Israel.
The Spanish Hispano Aviacion flew its initial licence-built Me 109 in spring 1945 and in 1953 turned to the Merlin powerplant to create the 1109-M1 L Buchon (Pigeon). Numerous Hispano and Merlin variations were manufactured in Spain, a few becoming tandem-seat trainers. Once the last HA-1112 came from Seville factory at the end of 1956 it shut down Twenty one years of production of this timeless aircraft, during which overall production reached 35,000 Me 109s.

Users: Bulgaria, Croatia, Finland, Germany (Luftwaffe), Hungary, Italy, Japan, Jugoslavia, Romania, Slovakia, Slovak, Russia (1940), Spain, Switzerland (post-war: Czechoslovakia, Israel).


Animated 3D model Me 109 G with additional guns under wings


Specifications Messerschmitt Bf 109 K-4

Specifications
Me 109 K-4 Specification
Type last Messerschmitt series of the single-seat fighter
Power plant 1 x 2.000 hp DB 605ASCM
Accommodation 1
Wing span 32 6.7 ft (9.924 m )
Length overall 29 0.3 ft (8.848 m)
Height overall 10 6.0 ft (3.20 m)
Wing area 174.38 sq ft (16.20 m²)
Weight empty ?
Weight loaded 7,474 lb (3,390 kg)
Max wing loading 42.86 lb/sq ft (209.26 kg/m²)
Max power loading 3.68 lb/hp (1.67 kg/hp)
Max level speed 452 mph at 19,685 ft (728 km/hr at 6,000 m)
Cruising speed ?
Time to height 16,405 ft (12,500 m) in approx. 3.0 min
Service ceiling 41,010 ft (12,500 m)
Range 357 miles (575 km)
Armament
Me 109 K-4 Specification
through propeller hub 30mm MK 108 (650 rpm, velocity 1,705 ft.sec) or 30mm MK 103 (420 rpm, velocity 2,820 ft.sec)
above engine 2 x 13mm MG 151 (700 rpm, velocity 3,131 ft.sec)
Service statistics
Me 109 Data
Production start (Me 109K) October 1944
Final delivery May 1945
Price per unit RM 100,000 = $ c.45,000 = £ c.11,250
Total production figure (all) 35,000+ (c.30,480 during WW2)
Accepted by Luftwaffe 1/39-12/44 29,350
Production 1939 449
Production 1940 1,693
Production 1941 2,764
Production 1942 2,665
Production 1943 6,154
Production 1944 13,786
Production 1945 2,969
Me109's in First Line Units 1.9.39 1,085
Me109's in First Line Units 20.9.42 1,074
Me109's in First Line Units 31.12.42 700 (incl. 610 Me109 G)
Me109's in First Line Units 10.1.45 1,305
Call of War
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