Panzer VI Tiger (Part II)

Germany-flagPanzer VI Ausf E (Tiger I)
Service, specifications, statistics and 3D model.

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Animated 3D model PzKpfw VI Tiger I

Combat service

The first unit, which was equipped with the Tiger tank was the first platoon of 502. heavy Panzer Abteilung, which was hurriedly assembled and rushed in action to the Leningrad area in August 1942. Personally planned by Hitler in detail, the operation ended in disaster, and the Russians were early informed about the new German heavy tank.

Despite this, its appearance for the Allies was a shock, and the Tiger tank soon earned the reputation of being the greatest threat on the battlefield. For exampke, in 1944 in France, single Tiger tank stopped a whole division and knocked-out 25 Allied tanks before being destroyed.
In general, the Tiger tank was more effective in the defense instead of attack, because the great power of the gun over long distances combined with good armor was the full potential.

Usually the Tiger I was the equipment of special heavy tank detachments with 30 vehicles each. But the Pzkpfw VI Tiger I was also issued to the heavy tank detachments and heavy tank companies of three Waffen-SS divisions, and to the Grossdeutschland Division. Still in service at the end of the war, the Tiger tanks had taken a heavy toll of enemy armour on all fronts.

Tiger tanks (together with King Tiger) knocked-out a minimum of 10,300 enemy AFVs along with, just as crucial, an incredible 11,380 anti-tank and artillery guns throughout WW2. This was gained for the destruction of 1,725 Tiger tanks, which includes a huge amount of strategic as well as operational losses, i.e. broken down, destroyed by crews, abandoned, and so on.
When wiped out artillery, AT guns, AFVs, infantry soldiers, as well as other equipment and weapons are listed, the Tiger I tank most likely done the best kill-to-loss ratio of any tank in modern military history. There’s no question that the Tiger tank’s triumph had been mainly because of its effectively all-round protection; and not just a good frontal armour like the Panther tank for example.

For comparison, average number of hits to knock out each type of tank:

Western Europe 1944-45
Tank Type Average number of hits Average number of penetrations
Tiger I 4.2 2.6
Panzer V Panther 2.55 1.9
M4 Sherman 1.63 1.55
Panzer IV 1.2 1.2

Comprehensive investigation displays the Tiger I in fact gained a better Kill-to-loss-ratio compared to the King Tiger. But this had been as a result of strategic circumstance in 1945, which ended in numerous King Tiger’s being wrecked by their crews to avoid capture or abandoned.

Users: Germany.


Specifications Tiger tank

Specifications
PzKpfw VI Ausf E Tiger I Specification
Type heavy battle tank
Engine Maybach HL210P45 (later HL230P45) V-12, water-cooled gasoline engine with 700 hp
Gearbox 8 forward, 4 reverse
Crew 5
Length 27 ft 8.68 in
Width 12 ft 1.67 in
Height 9 ft 7.35 in
Weight 57 tons
Maximum Speed 23.6 mph
Cross-country speed 12.4 mph
Fuel consumption per 100 miles 912 litres on road, 1,360 litres cross-country
Fuel 534 litres
Road radius 87 miles
Cross-country radius 62 miles
Vertical obstacle 2 ft 7.5 in
Trench crossing 5 ft 10.9 in
Fording depth 3 ft 11.2 in
Turning circle 2 ft 20.5 in
Climbing power 35°
Armour
PzKpfw VI Ausf E Tiger I mm angle
Turret front 100
Turret side 80
Turret rear 80
Turret top 25 81-90°
Superstructure front 100 10°
Superstructure side 80
Superstructure top 25 90°
Hull front 100 24°
Hull side 60
Hull rear 80
Hull bottom 25 90°
Gun mantlet 100-110
Armament and Equipment
PzKpfw VI Ausf E Tiger I Specification
Main armament 8.8 cm KwK36 L/56
Rounds 92
Traverse 360°
Elevation -9° to +10°
Muzzle velocity Pzgr39 773 m/s
Muzzle velocity Pzgr40 930 m/s
Shell weight Pzgr39 22.49 lbs
Shell weight Pzgr40 16.09 lbs
Secondary armament 7.92mm MG 34 in hull front (traverse 15° left to 15° right, elevation -7° to +20°), 7.92mm MG 34 coaxially to gun (together 4,800 rounds), later additional anti-aircraft machine-gun on the cupola
Radio FuG5 (upt to 2.5 miles range)
Telescopic sight TZF9b, later TZF9c (up to 2.5 miles aiming)
Penetration mm at 30° armour plates of 8.8 cm KwK36 L/56
Range Pzgr39 Pzgr40 (limited numbers)
Penetration 100 meters 120 mm 171 mm
Penetration 500 meters 110 mm 156 mm
Penetration 1,000 meters 100 mm 138 mm
Penetration 1,500 meters 91 mm 123 mm
Penetration 2,000 meters 84 mm 110 mm
Production
PzKpfw VI Ausf E Tiger I data
Production from July 1942 to August 1944
Price per unit RM 260,000 RM (RM 300,000 fully equipped) = c.$ 117,000 ($ 135,000) = c. £ 29,250 (£ 33,750 )
Total production figure (all) 1,354
Service statistics of PzKpfw VI Ausf E Tiger I
Year Available Production Losses
pre 1939
1939
1940
1941
1942 77 3
1943 65 (1.1.) 647 307
1944 395 (1.1.) 623 783
1945 245 (1.1.) 62 (only Jan.)
TOTAL 1,343 1,155
Monthly production figures PzKpfw VI Ausf E Tiger I
Month 1942 1943 1944
January - 35 93
February - 32 95
March - 41 86
April - 46 104
May - 50 100
June - 60 75
July - 65 64
August 8 60 6
September 3 85
October 11 50
November 25 60
December 30 65
Total 78 649 623

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