Battles

Attack of German infantry

Attack of German infantry during the Blitzkrieg campaigns.

Battles, campaigns and important basic decisions of WW2.

At this page, various interesting strategic decisions, campaigns and individual battles are investigated more closely, which had a more or less great influence on the course of WW2.

In so doing, less emphasis is placed on the number of battles or even on the complete treatment of all campaigns and strategic decisions, but on the essential and important operations for an important time interval of the WW2 War Diary or the armies‘ organization. The main focus here is on the units deployed in these battles and campaigns, and their strength, equipment and armament.

Additional, a large space is given to the strategic decisions of the principle – and here, above all (except maybe Joseph Stalin), the notorious individual decisions of the German Fuehrer, Adolf Hitler, who dominate everything. Hitler so decisively influence the course of the war as no other of the participating decision-makers.

Although Hitler had all options in his hands until the summer of 1941, his decisions resulted in the creation of the campaigns and battles, but the booklet of the trade was then torn from his hands of the Allies. However, all subsequent events, which were mostly triggered by the Allies, were still the product of Hitler’s strategy.

Especially for the development of war games as exact simulations are questions of the possible historical options and the ‘what if?’ necessary, besides the exact assessment of the fighting power of the involved armed forces and weapons for the calculation of alternative and fictional battles, if players or an artificial intelligence (AI) as ‘Supreme Commander’ takes other decisions than actually happened during WW2.


Operation Torch

Operation Torch fleet

Operation Torch, the Allied landings in North Africa. On November 8, 1942, a force of over 70,000 Allied troops invaded Vichy-French North-West Africa. Operation Torch On the morning of November 8, 1942, a force of over 70,000 American and British… learn more

Were there alternatives to Operation Barbarossa ?

Molotov at Berlin visit

Were there alternatives for Hitler to Operation Barbarossa ? Part II to the question ‘Why the Germans invaded Russia ?‘ In the four months from July to December 1940, Hitler had strange swaying in relation to the final German strategy… learn more

Why Hitler attacked Russia ?

Crowds cheer Hitler

Why Hitler attacked Russia ? (Part I) Looking on the subsequent events appearing after Hitler’s decision to attack Russia, it looks like sheer madness. Already Napoleon had found in the campaign of 1812 the beginning of his inglorious end. Was… learn more

Second World War overview 1943-45

Soldiers of the 69th US Division and the Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front

Second World War, overview of the course from 1943 to 1945 with the defeat of the Axis powers by the Allies (Part III). Here to Part II: Second World War overview 1941-42. Home Front Germany Under the leadership of the… learn more

Second World War overview 1941-42

Panzer 3 in street fightings.

Second World War, overview of the course of the ‘Axis high tide’ from 1941 to 1942 (Part II). Mediterranean theater, Russian campaign, the global conflict and ideological war. Here to Part I: Second World War overview 1939-40. Mediterranean With the… learn more

Second World War overview 1939-40

capture of Paris

Second World War, overview of the course of the ‘Blitzkriege’ (lightning wars) from 1939 to 1940 (Part I). Polish campaign, Stalin’s territorial claims, Western campaign and Battle of Britain. Lightning wars – Blitzkriege From the outset Hitler had set himself… learn more

Battle of Britain

pilots were running to their Spitfires

The Battle of Britain in 1940-1941. Operation Sea lion, strengths of the German Navy and Luftwaffe vs RAF, the air battle and the ‘Blitz’. Operation Sealion The Battle of Britain was fought in the air to prevent a seaborne invasion… learn more

Arctic convoy PQ-17

Narrow missed hit on a Allied destroyer

Artic convoys to Russia 1941 and 1942. First convoys, the destruction of PQ-17 and losses of PQ-18, new tactics with JW-51 and the interruption between spring and winter 1943. Hazardous duty fell to the men who convoyed supplies to Russia… learn more

End of Polish campaign

Polish PoW's 1939

The Polish campaign from the Battle of Bzura, the invasion of the Red Army to the surrender of Warsaw and the last Polish troops on 6 October 1939 (Part II). Here to Part I: Polish Campaign. Battle of Bzura The… learn more

Eastern Front 1944

Soldiers of the 214th Infantry Division with truck

The Eastern Front from winter 1943-44 until late summer 1944. Ending the siege of Leningrad and Operation Bagration, the destruction of the German Army Group Center. During the winter of 1943-1944, the Red Army had increased its forces in the… learn more

Polish campaign 1939

'Schleswig-Holstein' bombards the Westerplatte

The campaign against Poland in September 1939 (Part I). Deployment, the German attack and the advance on Warsaw until 9 September. The German attack on Poland began on September 1, 1939, at 4:45 a.m., when the old German pre-dreadnought ‘Schleswig-Holstein’… learn more

17-Battle at the Vistula 1945

pain of an innocent creature, as well as the millions of humans, in a terrible war

The last Russian Winter Offensive of the war started with the Battle of the Vistula. On January 12, 1945 the 1st Belorussian Front (Marshal Zhukov) and the 1st Ukrainian Front (Marshal Konev) attacked on a wide front line from Warsaw… learn more

Battle of Kursk

Panzer III under fire at Kursk

Battle of Kursk in July 1943, the greatest tank battle in military history. The German leadership had initially planned to attack on the Eastern Front after the spring melt, when the terrain had dried so much that the armored troops… learn more

Hitler’s declaration of war to the USA

Roosevelt is talking with his foreign minister Cordell Hull.

Part III of ‘Why did Hitler declare war on the US?’ back to PART II: The ‘undeclared war’ of the USA against Germany The road to the ‘real’ World War. At the beginning of August 1941, however, the situation changed.… learn more

Undeclared War

US destroyer Kearny (DD-432) was also damaged by a German U-boat

Part II of ‘Why did Hitler declare war on the US?’ back to PART I: Why did Hitler declare war on the US? The ‘undeclared war’ of the USA against Germany There had been a ‘undeclared war’ between the US… learn more

Why did Hitler declare war on the US?

Hitler declares war on USA

Hitler’s declaration of war to the United States appears to be difficult to understand, superfluous, and sealed the fate of the Third Reich. On 12 December 1941, Adolf Hitler declared war on the USA with a long Reichstag speech. In… learn more

Losses in World War II

Pioneer Tombs

Losses and casualties during World War II. Military and civilian losses of the combatants from 1939 to 1945 Note on the Soviet Union: During the Communist era documents about the Second World War in the Soviet Union were kept under… learn more

Operation Rhine Exercise

Bismarck is firing on Hood

Operation Rheinuebung (‘Rhine Exercise’), the final cruise of the Bismarck Detailed action, numerous photos and video. here to Part I: development, specifications, and 3d model of Bismarck Operation Rhine Excercise, the final cruise of the Bismarck In that month, in… learn more

Operation Barbarossa

Operation Barabarossa

Could had Operation Barbarossa – Hitler’s attack on Soviet Russia – a different course and why was the invasion carried out in June 1941 ? Why Operation Barbarossa in June 1941 ? A great number of people have stated firmly… learn more

Control of Europe 1942-45

Control of territories

The map of the control of territories at the European theater of war from 1942-45. Below is the strategic map of the European theater of war for the war game WW2 Total. The individual territories are marked with red border… learn more